Globalization implies competition in the international arena in all aspects of business. Manufacturing and service industries are particularly affected by the drive to find the cheapest suppliers and most knowledgeable workers. Only companies or nations that take full advantage of advanced technology are well equipped to answer the needs of 21st-century consumers. Nanotechnology is one of such advances that can, and will, impact all manufacturing sectors: from heavy industries to small, from automobile and petrochemical to textile and clothing. Those in the service industries thus need to keep pace with advances in nanotechnology if they are to provide customers with the most cutting